At Raynham, History and Geography are taught in half-termly units through an exciting cross-curricular curriculum, practical activities and fieldwork. We hope to inspire a curiosity for other countries and cultures as we travel across both the world and time in our learning.
In History, Reception focus on understanding their own history from babies and sequencing events. KS1 children study how toys and homes have changed over time, leading onto the Fire of London and historical figures such as Louie Braille. Lower Key Stage 2 children learn about the impact of the Stone and Bronze ages, Saxons and Vikings, ancient civilisations such as the Ancient Greeks, Egyptians and Romans. Upper Key Stage study how the Tudors, Victorians and the invention of the railways shaped our society today. Every Year Group spends one half term studying Black History.

Our history curriculum, in line with the National curriculum, aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • know and understand the history of these islands as a coherent, chronological narrative, from the earliest times to the present day: how people’s lives have shaped this nation and how Britain has influenced and been influenced by the wider world
  • know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations; the expansion and dissolution of empires; characteristic features of past non-European societies; achievements and follies of mankind
  • gain and deploy a historically grounded understanding of abstract terms such as ‘empire’, ‘civilisation’, ‘parliament’ and ‘peasantry’
  • understand historical concepts such as continuity and change, cause and consequence, similarity, difference and significance, and use them to make connections, draw contrasts, analyse trends, frame historically valid questions and create their own structured accounts, including written narratives and analyses
  • understand the methods of historical enquiry, including how evidence is used rigorously to make historical claims, and discern how and why contrasting arguments and interpretations of the past have been constructed
  • gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts: understanding the connections between local, regional, national and international history; between cultural, economic, military, political, religious and social history; and between short- and long-term timescales

In Geography, each class investigates their class place or country, starting with places in the local area in Reception, the UK countries in Year 1, moving to African countries in Year 2, North and South American countries in Year 3, Europe in Year 4, Oceania in Year 5 and Asia in Year 6. Throughout both Key Stage 1 and key Stage 2, the children spend time exploring the local environment, through homes, weather and The Water Cycle and well as focusing on map work and the global and national climatic zones.
Our geography curriculum, in line with the National curriculum, aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • develop contextual knowledge of the location of globally significant places – both terrestrial and marine – including their defining physical and human characteristics and how these provide a geographical context for understanding the actions of processes
  • understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and how they bring about spatial variation and change over time
  • are competent in the geographical skills needed to:
    • collect, analyse and communicate with a range of data gathered through experiences of fieldwork that deepen their understanding of geographical processes
    • interpret a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems (GIS)
    • communicate geographical information in a variety of ways, including through maps, numerical and quantitative skills and writing at length.